Non-destructive testing is one of the most promising research fields at TPU; it has been developing for several decades. Even back in 1947-1948, the University developed the first versions of betatrons and cyclic electron accelerators; at this time they were the smallest in the world but not less efficient. These devices immediately became crucially important for science and industrial needs. For example, X-ray machines can see steel deep into 60 mm maximum and the betatron does it up to 300 mm. Nowadays the University is the one and only manufacturer in the world of such small-sized accelerators.
The betatrons are in need among industries, producing chemical reactors, large-diameter vessels, and boilers. Due to a threat of terrorism, TPU betatrons carved out another niche, that is the inspection of equipment and devices. The devices with Tomsk betatrons can be found almost everywhere from Singapore customs and Indian factories to the Olympic facilities in Sochi.
The betatrons are shipped to China, Germany, USA, and other countries. In 2015, the production of compact betatrons allowed TPU to receive the gold medal of the national prize Exporter of the Year and became one of the TOP-20 enterprises in terms of export of technical equipment.
The team of School of Non-Destructive Testing is constantly expanding range of their capabilities. Recently the school developed an X-ray tomograph for large-sized objects with a resolution of 100 microns. The school has already concluded a number of agreements with leading national companies such as Gazprom and Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation and international companies, among them: Deal Technologies GmbH, Innotech Systems Pvt. Ltd., Powevscan Company Limited, JME Ltd, Pan Asiatic Technologies Sdn. Bhd, Smiths Heimann GmbH, and United Pioneer Technology Co., Ltd.
One develops a system of Machine Vision of ultrasound tomography. The present system allows identifying unknown objects with a resolution of 200 microns and transfer of this data to a 3D model. This development was tested on composite structural materials of the products of Russian Helicopters Holding.
The University is developing a method of dynamic thermal tomography, which provides effective non-destructive control of aviation and space materials by the method of active quantitative infrared thermography. TPU together with Chinese company Power Scan is designing a betatron radiator for use in prospective inspection systems and a dual-energy detection technology using small-sized betatrons.
TPU has already conducted field tests of hardware and software elements of thermal tomography on carbon-carbon composite materials within the framework of contracts with Soluterm Ltd. (the official representative of Airbus in Russia) and OJSC Komposit. By order of Innotech Systems Pvt. Ltd. (India), the StrAU team developed a new betatron SEA-7 for non-stationary X-ray inspection of welded joints at construction sites, stockpiles, in the repair of power equipment, control of large-sized casting, and etc.
One developed an ultrasonic flaw-detector for the control of defects in complex composite materials. The industrial prototype of the device has been recently installed in a Vietnamese factory of HSTM Vietnam Construction consulting company. A diagnostic complex for quality control of welding seams of spacecraft made by the friction stir welding has already been installed in the Rocket and Space Corporation Energia (Russia). Energia is going to use this technology for construction of spacecraft of a new generation. This complex allows checking large objects with a diameter of up to five meters, for example, spacecraft elements. This project was conducted in collaboration with Energia Corporation and Institute of Strength Physics and Materials Science SB RAS.
Along with the development of new methods and technologies in non-destructive testing of industrial materials, productions and constructions, the University trains highly qualified specialists, able to work and expand these technologies. TPU is developing a new Master degree program in Tomographic NDT of Complex Systems. The program graduates will be able to work in different industries, such as aerospace, military, petroleum, metallurgy industries, security services, and many others.
Soon the University researchers begin to develop a high-speed ultrasonic tomograph for composite materials of complex geometry, industrial thermal imaging tomographs for products made of composite materials for aerospace and military applications, development of new theoretical principles of dynamic heat-free tomography, and technologies and equipment of infrared / thermal tomographic control of composite materials with following introduction of these developments at aerospace and military industries in Russia and abroad (India, China, Malaysia, and others).
The University actively collaborates with national and international industrial, research and education partners.